From the Publisher: Jorge Luis Borges declared The Invention of Morel a masterpiece of plotting, comparable to The Turn of The Screw and Journey to the . The Invention Of Morel (New York Review Books Classics) Click button below to download or read this book. Greatly admired by Julio Cortazar, Gabriel Garcia Marquez and Octavio Paz, the novella helped to usher in Latin American fiction s now famous postwar boom. Adolfo Bioy Casares () was born in Buenos Aires, the child of wealthy parents. Simms translated books by Adolfo Bioy.
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Jorge Luis Borges declared The Invention of Morel a masterpiece of plotting, comparable to The Turn of the Screw and Journey to the Center of the Earth. Set on. The invention of Morel: and other stories from La trama celeste. by Adolfo Bioy Casares; DAISY for print-disabled Download ebook for print-disabled (DAISY). This E.B.O.O.K The Invention of Morel and Other Stories (from La Trama Celeste) book is not really ordinary book, you have it then the world is in your hands.
It has been proposed that a science of consciousness should systematically integrate third-person data, or data about the neurophysiological correlates of conscious states, with first-person data, or data about the distinctive qualities of subjective experience Chalmers, Indeed, neurophysiology alone is not sufficient to describe a conscious state without taking into account the first-person's point of view, and vice versa.
Very few studies have tried to integrate both kinds of data together Lutz et al. Moreover, while great progress has been done regarding our methods for gathering third-person data e. Therefore, the relatively new science of subjective consciousness is in urgent need of novel methods for gathering first-person data and, in parallel, of ways to integrate this data with their neurophysiological correlates.
Here, we will see that such an integrative model of consciousness may find its inspiration from an unlikely source: literature. Morel's invention as inspiration for an integrative description of consciousness Adolfo Bioy Casares — was an Argentinian author, who was born and lived in Buenos Aires.
Most of the story describes a criminal's thoughts, fears, reactions, and puzzlement over discovering the inhabitants of an isolated island of the Pacific, on which he arrives as a fugitive. During the day, these persons act in a stereotyped manner, repeating the same behaviors and having the same discussions.
The first of these I shall neither emphasize nor attenuate the fact that it is a paradox has to do with the intrinsic form of the adventure story.
The typical psychological novel is formless. The Russians and their disciples have demonstrated, tediously, that no one is impossible. A person may kill himself because he is so happy, for example, or commit murder as an act of benevolence.
Lovers may separate forever as a consequence of their love. And one man can inform on another out of fervor or humility. In the end such complete freedom is tantamount to chaos. But the psychological novel would also be a "realistic" novel, and have us forget that it is a verbal artifice, for it uses each vain precision or each languid obscurity as a new proof of realism.
There are pages, there are chapters in Marcel Proust that are unacceptable as inventions, and we unwittingly resign ourselves to them as we resign ourselves to the insipidity and the emptiness of each day. The adventure story, on the other hand, does not propose to transcribe reality: it is an artificial object, no part of which lacks justification. It must have a rigid plot if it is not to succumb to the mere sequential variety of The Golden Ass, the Seven Voyages of Sinbad, or the Quixote.
I have given one reason of an intellectual sort; there are others of an empirical nature. We hear sad murmurs that our century lacks the ability to devise interesting plots. But no one attempts to prove that if this century has any ascendancy over the preceding ones it lies in the quality of its plots.
Stevenson is more passionate, more diverse, more lucid, perhaps more deserving of our unqualified friendship than is Chesterton; but his plots are inferior. De Quincey plunged deep into labyrinths on his nights of meticulously detailed horror, but he did not coin his impression of "unutterable and self-repeating infinities" in fables comparable to Kafka's.
Ortega y Gasset was right when he said that Balzac's "psychology" did not satisfy us; the same thing could be said, of his plots. Shakespeare and Cervantes were both delighted by the antinomian idea of a girl who, without losing her beauty, could be taken for a man; but we find that idea unconvincing now.
I believe I am free from every superstition of modernity, of any illusion that yesterday differs intimately from today or will differ from tomorrow; but I maintain that during no other era have there been novels with such admirable plots as The Turn of the Screw , The Trial, Voyage to the Center of the Earth, and the one you are about to read, which was written in Buenos Aires by Adolfo Bioy Casares.
Detective storiesanother popular genre in this century that cannot invent plotstell of mysterious events that are later explained and justified by reasonable facts.
In this book Adolfo Bioy Casares easily solves a problem that is perhaps more difficult. The odyssey of marvels he unfolds seems to have no possible explanation other than hallucination or symbolism, and he uses a single fantastic but not supernatural postulate to decipher it. My fear of making premature or partial revelations restrains me from examining the plot and the wealth of delicate wisdom in its execution. Let me say only that Bioy renews in literature a concept that was refuted by St.
Augustine and Origen, studied by Louis-Auguste Blanqui, and expressed in memorable cadences by Dante Gabriel Rossetti: I have been here before, But when or how I cannot tell: I know the grass beyond the door, The sweet keen smell, The sighing sound, the lights around the shore. In Spanish, works of reasoned imagination are infrequent and even very rare. The classics employed allegory, the exaggerations of satire, and, sometimes, simple verbal incoherence.
The only recent works of this type I remember are a story in Leopoldo Lugones's Las fuerzas extranas and one by Santiago Dabove: now unjustly forgotten. The Invention of Morel the title alludes filially to another island inventor, Moreau brings a new genre to our land and our language. I have discussed with the author the details of his plot. I have reread it. To classify it as perfect is neither an imprecision nor a hyperbole.
I moved my bed out by the swimming pool, but then, because it was impossible to sleep, I stayed in the water for a long time. The heat was so intense that after I had been out of the pool for only two or three minutes I was already bathed in perspiration again.
As day was breaking, I awoke to the sound of a phonograph record. Afraid to go back to the museum to get my things, I ran away down through the ravine.
Now I am in the lowlands at the southern part of the island, where the aquatic plants grow, where mosquitoes torment me, where I find myself waist-deep in dirty streams of sea water. And, what is worse, I realize that there was no need to run away at all. Those people did not come here on my account; I believe they did not even see me.
But here I am, without provisions, trapped in the smallest, least habitable part of the islandthe marshes that the sea floods once each week. I am writing this to leave a record of the adverse miracle. If I am not drowned or killed trying to escape in the next few clays, I hope to write two books.
I shall entitle them Apology for Survivors and Tribute to Malthus. My books will expose i he men who violate the sanctity of forests and deserts,- I intend to show that the world is an implacable hell for fugitives, that its efficient police forces, its documents, newspapers, radio broadcasts, and border patrols have made every error of justice irreparable.
So far I have written only this one page; yesterday I had no inkling of what was going to happen. There are so many things to do on this lonely island! The trees that grow here have such hard wood!
And when I see a bird in flight I realize the vastness of the open spaces all around me! An Italian rugseller in Calcutta told me about this place.
He said in his own language : "There is only one possible place for a fugitive like youit is an uninhabited island, but a human being cannot live there. Around a group of white men built a museum, a chapel, and a swimming pool on the island.
The work was completed, and then abandoned. The nails drop off the fingers and toes,- the hair falls out. The skin and the corneas of the eyes die, and the body lives on for one week, or two at the most. The crew of a ship that had stopped there were skinless, hairless, without nails on their fingers or toes all dead, of coursewhen they were found by the Japanese cruiser Namura.
The horrified Japanese sank their ship. The Italian tried to dissuade me ; but in the end I managed to obtain his help. Last night, for the hundredth time, I slept in this deserted place. As I looked at the buildings, I thought of what a laborious task it must have been to bring so many stones here. It would have been easy enoughand far more practicalto build an outdoor oven. When I was finally able to sleep, it was very late. The music and the shouting woke me up a few hours later.
I have not slept soundly since my escape; I am sure that if a ship, a plane, or any other form of transportation had arrived, I would have heard it. And yet suddenly, unac- countably, on this oppressive summerlike night, the grassy hillside has become crowded with people who dance, stroll up and down, and swim in the pool, as if this were a summer resort like Los Teques or Marienbad.
From the marshlands with their churning waters I can see the top of the hill, and the people who have taken up residence in the museum. I suppose someone might attribute their mysterious appearance to the effect of last night's heat on my brain.
But there are no hallucinations or imaginings here: I know these people are realat least as real as I am. The fact that their clothes are from another era indicates that they are a group of eccentrics; but I have known many people who use such devices to capture the magic of the past. I watch them unwaveringly, constantly, with the eyes of a man who has been condemned to death. They are dancing on the grassy hillside as I write, unmindful of the snakes at their feet.
They are my unconscious enemies who, as they corner me against the sea in the disease-infested marshes, deprive me of everything I need, everything I must have if I am to go on living. The sound of their very loud phonograph"Tea for Two" and "Valencia" are their favorite recordsseems now to be permanently superimposed on the wind and the sea.
Perhaps watching them is a dangerous pastime: like every group of civilized men they no doubt have a network of consular establishments and a file of fingerprints that can send me, after the necessary ceremonies or conferences have been held, to jail.
But I am exaggerating. I actually find a certain fascination in watching these odious intrudersit has been so long since I have seen anyone.
But there are times when I must stop. First of all, I have so much work to do. This place could kill even a seasoned islander. And I have not been here long; I have no tools to work with. Secondly, there is always the danger that they may see me watching them, or that they may find me if they come down to this part of the island; so I must build some sort of shelter to hide in.
And, finally, it is very difficult for me to see them. They are at the top of the hill, while I am far below. From here they look like a race of giantsI can see them better when they approach the ravine. Living on these sandbanks is dreadful at a time like this.
A few days ago the tide was higher than any I have seen since I came to the island. When it grows dark I make a bed of branches covered with leaves. I am never surprised to wake up and find that I am in the water. The tide comes in around seven o'clock in the morning, sometimes earlier. But once a week there are tides that can put an end to everything.
I count the days by making gashes in a tree trunk; a mistake would fill my lungs with water. I have the uncomfortable sensation that this paper is changing into a will. If I must resign myself to that, I shall try to make statements that can be verified so that no one, knowing that I was accused of duplicity, will doubt that they condemned me unjustly.
I shall adopt the motto of Leonardo Ostinato rigoreas my own, and endeavor to live up to it. I believe that this island is called Villings, and belongs to  the archipelago of the Ellice Islands.
More details can be obtained from the rug merchant, Dalmacio Ombrellieri 21 Hyderabad Street, Ramkrishnapur, Calcutta. He fed me for several days while I hid in one of his Persian rugs, and then he put me in the hold of a ship bound for Rabaul.
But I do not wish to compromise him in any way, for I am naturally very grateful to him. My book Apology for Survivors will enshrine Ombrellieri in the memory of menthe probable location of heavenas a kind person who helped a poor devil escape from an unjust sentence. In Rabaul, a card from the rug merchant put me in contact with a member of Sicily's best-known society. By the moon's metallic gleam I could smell the stench of the fish canneries , he gave me instructions and a stolen boat.
I rowed frantically, and arrived, incredibly, at my destination for I did not understand the compass,- I had lost my bearings; I had no hat and I was ill, haunted by hallucinations.
The boat ran aground on the sands at the eastern side of the island the coral reefs must have been submerged. I stayed in the boat for more than a day, reliving that horrible experience, forgetting that I had arrived at my journey's end. The island vegetation is abundant. Spring, summer, autumn, and winter plants, grasses, and flowers overtake each other with urgency, with more urgency to be born than to die, each one invading the time and the place of the others in a tangled mass.
But the trees seem to be diseased; although their trunks have vigorous new shoots, their upper branches are dry. I find two explanations for this: either the grass is sapping the strength from the soil or else the roots of the trees have reached stone the fact that the young trees are in good condition seems to confirm the second theory.
The trees on the hill have grown so hard that it is impossible to cut them,- nor can anything be done with those on the bank: the slightest pressure destroys them, and all that is left is a sticky sawdust, some spongy splinters.
The island has four grassy ravines; there are large boulders in the ravine on the western side. The museum, the chapel, and the swimming pool are up on the hill. The buildings are modern, angular, unadorned, built of unpolished stone, which is somewhat incongruous with the architectural style. The chapel is flat, rectangularit looks like a long box.
The swimming pool appears to be well built, but as it is at ground level it is always filled with snakes, frogs, and aquatic insects. The museum is a large building, three stories high, without a visible roof; it has a covered porch in front and another smaller one in the rear, and a cylindrical tower.
The museum was open when I arrived; I moved in at once. I do not know why the Italian referred to it as a museum. It could be a fine hotel for about fifty people, or a sanatorium.
In one room there is a large but incomplete collection of books, consisting of novels, poetry, drama. The only exception was a small volume Belidor, Travaux: Le Moulin Perse, Paris, , which I found on a greenmarble shelf and promptly tucked away into a pocket of these now threadbare trousers. I wanted to read it because I was intrigued by the name Belidor, and I wondered whether the Moulin Perse would help me understand the mill I saw in the lowlands of this island.
I examined the shelves in vain, hoping to find some books that would be useful for a research project I began before the trial. I believe we lose immortality because we have not conquered our opposition to death; we keep insisting on the primary, rudimentary idea: that the whole body should be kept alive. We should seek to preserve only the part that has to do with consciousness. The large room, a kind of assembly hall, has walls of rose- colored marble, with greenish streaks that resemble sunken columns.
The windows, with their panes of blue glass, would reach the top floor of the house where I was born. Four alabaster urns six men could hide in each one irradiate electric light. The books improve the room somewhat. One door opens onto the hall; another opens onto the round room; another, the smallest one, is concealed by a screen and opens onto a spiral staircase. The principal staircase is at the end of the hall; it is elegantly carpeted. There are some wicker chairs in the room, and the walls are lined with books.
The dining room measures approximately forty feet by fifty. There are three mahogany columns at each side, and each group of columns supports a stand with a figure of a seated divinity that appears to be Indian or Egyptian, of ocher terracotta. Each god is three times larger than a man, and is garlanded by dark plaster leaves. Below them there are large panels with drawings by Foujita, which present a discordant aspect because of their humility.
The floor of the circular room is an aquarium. Invisible glass boxes in the water incase the electric lights that provide the only illumination for that windowless room. I recall the place with disgust. Hundreds of dead fish were floating on the water when I arrived, and removing them was an obnoxious task. Now, after letting the water run for days and days, I can still smell the odor of dead fish when I am in the room it reminds me of the beaches in my country, where huge quantities of fish, dead and alive, emerge from the water to contaminate the air, and receive a hasty burial at the hands of the outraged populace.
The lighted floor and the black- lacquer columns around it give one the impression of walking magically on top of a pool in the midst of a forest. This room adjoins the large room, or assembly hall, and a small green room with a piano, a phonograph, and a screen of mirrors, which has twenty panels or more.
The rooms are modern, pretentious, unpleasant. There are fifteen suites. Clearing mine out completely made only a slight improvement. There were no more paintings by Picasso, or smoked crystal, or books inscribed by famous people, but still I felt wretched and uncomfortable. On two occasions I made discoveries in the basement. The first time I was looking for foodthe provisions in the storeroom were growing scarceand I found the power plant.
Walking through the basement, I noticed that the skylight I had seen outside, with thick panes of glass and iron grating, partly hidden by the branches of a cedar tree, was not visible from the inside. As if I were involved in an argument with someone who insisted that the skylight was not real, that I had dreamed it, I went outside to see whether it was really there.
It was. I returned to the basement and after some difficulty I got my bearings and found, from the inside, the place that corresponded to the skylight's position. I looked for cracks, secret doors. The search was to no avail, for the wall was smooth and very solid. I thought that the wall must surely conceal a hidden treasure; but when I decided to break the wall to see what was behind it I was motivated by the hope of finding, not machine guns and munitions, but the food I needed so desperately.
I removed an iron bolt from the door, and with increasing weariness, I used it to make a small opening in the wall: a blue light appeared. I worked with a kind of frenzy and soon I made a hole large enough to crawl through. My first reaction was not disappointment at finding no food, or relief at recognizing a water pump and a generator, but ecstatic, prolonged amazement: the walls, the ceiling, the floor were of blue tile and even the air itself in that room where the only contact with the outside world was a high skylight obscured by the branches of a tree had the deep azure transparency of a waterfall's foam.
I know very little about motors, but even so I was not long in getting them started. Now when the rain water is all gone I can turn on the pump. It surprises me that the machines are relatively uncomplicated and in good condition and, especially, that I knew what to do with them. But I was not completely successful and I have come to feel, more and more, that perhaps I may never be.
For I have not yet been able to discover the purpose of the green motors, in the same room, or the reason for the mill wheel I saw in the lowlands at the southern tip of the island it is connected to the basement by an iron pipeline, and if it were not so far from the coast I should imagine it had something to do with the tides,could it possibly charge the storage batteries of the power plant?
My ineptitude makes me very frugal; I turn on the motors only when it is absolutely necessary to do so. But once I had every light in the museum burning all night long. That was the second time I made discoveries in the basement. I was ill. I hoped that I might find a medicine cabinet somewhere in the museum. There was nothing upstairs, so I went down to the basement andthat night I forgot my sickness, I forgot the horrible, nightmarish existence I was leading.
I discovered a secret door, a stairway, a second basement. I entered a many-sided room, like those bomb shelters I have seen in movies. The walls were covered with strips of a material that resembled cork, and with slabs of marble, arranged symmetrically.
I took a step: through stone arches I saw the same room duplicated eight times in eight directions as if it were reflected in mirrors. Then I heard the sound of many footsteps they were all around me, upstairs, downstairs, all through the museum. I took another step: the sounds faded away, as if they had been muffled.
It reminded me of the way a snowstorm on the cold highlands of my Venezuela deadens all the noises within earshot. I went upstairs, back to the silence, the lonely sound of the sea, the quiet movement of the centipedes. I dreaded an invasion of ghosts or, less likely, an invasion of the police.
I stood behind a curtain for hours, perhaps minutes, irked by the hiding place I had chosen I could be seen from the outside; and if I wanted to escape from someone in the room I would have to open a window. Then, mustering my courage, I searched the house, but I was still uneasy, for there was no mistake about it: I had clearly heard myself surrounded by moving footsteps all through the building, at different levels. Early the next morning I went down to the basement again.
The same footsteps seemed to surround me again, some close, others farther away. But this time I understood them. Annoyed, I continued to explore the second basement, intermittently escorted by the diligent swarm of echoes, many dimensions of the same echo.
There are nine identical rooms in the second basement, and five others in a lower basement. They appear to be bomb shelters. Who built this place in or thereabouts? And why did they abandon it? What sort of bombings were they afraid of?
And why should men who could plan such a well-constructed building make a shelter like this, which tries one's mental equilibrium: when I sigh, for example, I can hear the echoes of a sigh, both near and faraway, for two or three minutes afterward.
And when there are no echoes, the silence is as horrible as that heavy weight that keeps you from running away in dreams. From my description the attentive reader can obtain a list of more or less startling objects, situations, facts; the most startling of all, of course, is the sudden arrival of the people who are up on the hill as I write. Are these people connected in some way with the ones who lived here in ?
Did these visitors build the museum, the chapel, the swimming pool? I find it difficult to believe that one of them ever stopped listening to "Tea for Two" or "Valencia" long enough to design this building, which abounds in echoes, but which is bombproof. One of these people, a woman, sits on the rocks to watch the sunset every afternoon. She wears a bright scarf over her dark curls; she sits with her hands clasped on one knee; her skin is burnished by prenatal suns,- her eyes, her black hair, her bosom make her look like one of the Spanish or gypsy girls in those paintings I detest.
This seems in keeping with the political undertones of Latin American literature and adds an anchor to history for an otherwise weightless novella. Undeniably, the story could have easily been expanded upon and encompassed the reader in a vaster field of themes and insights into the moral implications of the novel; luckily we have the early seasons of LOST to build a world on the thin strands of ideas in this novel.
There is a wider story and plot that could easily be taken to extraordinary places by authors intent more on the impressiveness of plot, but caressing the human heart behind this tale seems a more valuable experience. There is a high price for immortality, and what better to live on for eternity than the feelings of love.
For all intensive purposes, Bioy Casares The Invention of Morel lives up to the challenge of immortality and has earned its keep among reissues and Latin American canonization. Everything is shadowy and unsure in the anxious tension that drives Invention. The Editor character that appears in the footnotes adds a further layer to toy with the ideas of authenticity though their role is primarily to highlight inconsistencies and mistakes.